For example, if one party handles the goods that the other party should receive, it may have to reimburse them and pay for the loss of profits. Depending on the circumstances, the injuring party may also be liable for the payment of other types of consequential damages suffered by the non-injuring party as a result of the infringement. Some plaintiffs have tried to convince the courts to extend liability for breaches of insurers` implied obligation to other powerful defendants such as employers and banks. Most U.S. courts have followed the example of some pioneering decisions by California courts that rejected such liability in 1988 against employers and in 1989 against banks.  [need for a better source] In cases where a party argues that an implied provision applies on the basis of the notion of good faith, the provision should nevertheless meet rigorous testing of implications.14 In practice, this means that such a provision is probably not implied, unless a party can properly demonstrate that the contract lacks commercial or practical coherence without it. The relationship broke down and Yam Seng claimed a series of breaches of contract by ITC and tried to argue that an obligation of good faith should be included in the agreement. After the negotiations failed, Masters exercised its right of termination. North East filed a lawsuit, claiming that Masters breached its duty to act reasonably and in good faith, arguing that Masters terminated the lease for other business reasons. The trial judge accepted North East and ruled that Masters` explicit duty of good faith had been breached and awarded $10.875 million in damages to North East. Not surprisingly, Masters appealed this decision.
In the following cases, the Tribunal refused to invoke the doctrine of good faith and fair treatment in order to limit the discretionary powers expressly granted in a contract: PMC v. Porthole Yachts, Ltd., 65 Cal. App. 4th 882, 891 76 Cal. Rptr. 2d 832, 837 (1998); Balfour, Guthrie &Co. v. Gourmet Farms, 108 Cal. App.3d 181, 166 Cal.
Rptr. 422 (1980); Brandt v. Lockheed Missiles &Space Co., 154 Cal. App.3d 1124, 201 Cal. Rptr. 746 (1984); Gerdlund v. Electronic Dispensers Int`l, 190 Cal. App.3d 263, 235 Cal. Rptr.
279 (1987). In some jurisdictions, breach of the implied agreement may also lead to an unlawful act, for example.B. A.C. Shaw Construction v. Washoe County, 105 Nevada 913, 915, 784 p.2d 9, 10 (1989).  This rule is the most widespread in insurance law when the breach of the implied obligation by the insurer may lead to an unauthorized act, called an insurance creditor. The advantage of criminal liability lies in the fact that it supports broader damages and the possibility of punitive damages. The first obstacle to combating the principle of good faith is that there is no agreement in Australia on what is involved in the duty to act in good faith. Some schools of thought see the teaching of good faith as an obligation of cooperation to achieve the result agreed in the treaty. .