Cooperation agreements and grants are „a legal instrument of financial support between a federal agency or passport unit and a non-federal unit“ within the meaning of the single OMB guidelines (200.24 for cooperation agreements and 200.51 euros for subsidy agreements). Are websites, in whole or in part, subject to the requirements of FISMA, Section 508, the Privacy Act and the accompanying OMB memorandum, such as omb Memo M-17-06? While the federal agency remains involved in the delivery, the task should never be postponed so that it is carried out for the Agency. The FGCAA expressly prohibits federal authorities from using co-operative contracts to acquire real estate or services for direct use or use by the federal government. This distinction distinguishes cooperative contracts from „purchase contracts“ or „acquisitions“ related to FAR. This distinction is also essential to limit the protest actions made available to disappointed bidders for cooperation agreements. On Grants.gov, of course, we have public subsidies, but you will also find many „cooperation agreements“ if you are looking for financing. This is because cooperation agreements and subsidies are very similar, but with a big difference. The distinction between subsidies and cooperation agreements concerns the existence or absence of substantial participation. In research activities, significant involvement is likely when a federal collaborator assists, directs, coordinates or actively participates in the project. This essential participation is most common, either through the management (1) of the allocation of resources between sub-projects, sites or institutions, or through active participation (2) in the conduct of research. Normal supervision and trust are not a significant interest. If you are interested in more detailed information on grants and cooperation agreements, here are some resources: the Federal Grant and Cooperative Agreement Act of 1977 (P.L.
95-224, 31 USC 6301 and following) establishes the fundamental distinctions between purchase contracts, grants and cooperation contracts. A co-operative agreement „distinguishes itself from a grant in that it provides for substantial participation between the federal granting agency or the passport unit and the non-federal agency in the exercise of the activity under the federal award.“ The question now is: What is a „substantial commitment“ from the federal government? Co-operative contracts are different from traditional purchase contracts and are therefore not subject to the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR).